Introduction to Cartography and Digital Cartography. Cartography as a communication tool, traditional and digital cartography, differences in the cartographic process, in communication paradigms and conceptual models.
Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS): brief history of cartography, origin and history of GIS, definitions and fields of application. Cartographic tools and techniques: concepts of abstraction, simplification, generalization, scale, co-registration, legend.
Spatial representation techniques: perception of space, relationships between real objects and cartographic objects, simplification, filtering of information. Holistic (general) and meristic (thematic) cartography.
Cartographic paradigms: concepts of information layer, graphic primitive and geographical primitive, spatial dimensionality of the data. Standard data models: types of data, entity-attributes model, georelational model. Raster data and vector data, data georeferencing.
Cartographic projections and projection systems. Standard reference systems used in Italy and Europe: UTM, ETRS / LAEA, historical national reference systems (Gauss-Boaga), the Regional Technical Maps.
Traditional data sources and neo-geography. The global positioning system (GPS). Introduction to relational databases.
Examples of GIS use in Wildlife Monitoring, Management and Conservation.
Use of QGIS software: introduction to QGIS software, review of the main data formats, graphical and command line interface.
Spatial data analysis techniques: digitization techniques, map algebra, topological overlay, models. Layout: graphic language.